Granger kommt mit dem Reservekorps an am 2. Tag der Schlacht
von Chickamauga, eine Sternstunde der US-Geschichte.
Granger arriva con la riserva il pomeriggio della 2° giornata della battaglia diChickamauga - un momento chiave della storia americana.
Granger arrive avec la réserve l'après-midi du 2° jour de la bataille de Chickamauga - un moment clés de l'histoire américaine.
Granger komt met de reserve de tweede daag van de slag bij Chickamauga an - een belissend moment van de US-geschiedenis.
|Gordon Granger was born of Gaius and Catherine Granger in Joy,
New York on 6 Nov. 1822. After graduating from West Point in 1845 (35th
out of 41), he fought in the Mexican War under Winfield Scott and earned
two brevets. He then served on the frontier and promoted to first lieutenant
in 1852. At the outbreak of the Civil War he was promoted to captain
and fought at Wilson's Creek, Missouri in August 1861. Afterward he was promoted
to colonel and in March 1862 to brigadier general. He commanded the cavalry
in the campaign against New Madrid and Island No. 10, and in Halleck's advance
on Corinth. In September 1862 he was appointed major general and held independant
command in Kentucky for nearly a year. At Chickamauga, Tennessee, in September
1863 he commanded the reserve corps, sometimes called the Army of Kentucky,
under William S. Rosecrans. Granger's reinforcement of Thomas on Snodgrass
Hill the afternoon
of 20 Sept. 1863 saved the Union forces from disaster. Although he engaged
in other battles around Chattanooga, helped in the relief of Knoxville, and
took part in the capture of Mobile, his abrasive personality had got him
on the wrong side of Grant who hindered Granger's further advancement. He
is described as having been "outspoken and rough in manner, kindly and sympathetic
at heart...[His] independence occasionally came near to insubordination, and
at ordinary times he lacked energy." He is also reported to have been a brutal
disciplinarian. He was another "difficult" person from whom Thomas was able
to get good work, along with Baldy Smith and Jeff C. Davis.
Granger assumed command of the Department of Texas on 10 June 1865 under Sheridan, then commander of the Military Division of the Southwest. Upon his arrival in Galveston he declared that the institution of slavery was dead, setting off joyful displays by Texas freedmen. He instituted a punitive policicy against former Confederate officials and counseled blacks to remain on the plantations and to sign labor agreements with their former owners while awaiting further assistance from the Freedmen's Bureau which had not yet been established in the state. After six weeks of apparently upsetting too many apple carts, he was relieved of his command.
In 1869 Granger married Maria Letcher, daughter of a Lexington, Kentucky, physician. His most important assignment after leaving Texas was to command the District of New Mexico (1871-76). He resided in Santa Fe until his death, on 10 January 1876.